Category: Dental Care

Reasons Why Oral Hygiene Should Be Taken Seriously

We all know that brushing teeth twice a day is important. We also know that visiting the dentist every now and then is important. But not many of us actually make the efforts to do these things diligently. The article below details the reasons why oral hygiene should be taken seriously by all. So read on and be motivated!

It saves you money

If you neglect your teeth, cavities will form and start giving you terrible aches. If you don’t address the issue soon, you will often have to have your teeth extracted. This is a costly procedure that will give you discomfort too. But your problems usually will not end with the extraction. You will have to fill the gap between your teeth with expensive dental implants, because if you don’t do this, problems can arise in the future. The way you chew your food will change and the shape of your face will also often change. In addition to all this, the rest of your teeth will also start shifting, creating gaps in between all the teeth! These are not at all favorable conditions. You can ensure this doesn’t happen by diligently brushing and flossing your teeth.

It keeps more serious problems at bay

Your oral health is related to your overall health. Some studies have found relationships between poor oral hygiene and oral cancer. Dental caries and periodontal disease are all common ailments that arise due to poor oral health. You cannot take these issues lightly indeed. You can keep all these negative conditions at bay by starting to take better care of your teeth. Visit your family dentist Manly regularly so you will be able to nip problems in the bud before they escalate into unfavorable conditions that will threaten your overall health.

It gives you a pretty smile

If your teeth are cleaned regularly, they will shine like bright pearls! You will have no trouble impressing everyone you meet with your flashy smile if you know your teeth look great. This will certainly make you look and feel more beautiful. If your teeth have gaps between them because of extracted teeth or if they have tartar build up, not many would like to see you smile. Simple things can make a world of difference indeed!

It gives you fresher breath

You will be able to throw away your breath fresheners, if you brush and floss regularly! Carry a toothbrush with you to work and brush your teeth after a meal too if you can so your breath will smell fresh throughout the day. This will improve your confidence and the way people see you too.

If you can diligently care for the teeth that you have been blessed with, you will be able to avoid bigger problems in the longer run. Always remember, prevention is better and cheaper than cure!


The Best Dental Health Care Centre To Visit

Dental health is part of our overall health. If we want to be healthy we have to have a great level of oral health too. It is not actually something impossible to achieve if we pay enough attention to our mouth and take good care of it as advised by medical professionals. To get such normal advice as well as to help us out in serious dental conditions we need to have a go to dental health care centre. You can choose the finest dental health care centre for your needs based on the features they showcase. The best one comes with special features you do not get to see at other places.

Qualified and Experienced Dental Professionals

A dentist has to be experienced and qualified if he or she is going to help you with anything. They get that experience by working with patients for a long time. Such a dental doctor has the ability to identify any problem you have quite fast. He or she also comes up with the right treatment for the problem. Since they are only going to suggest the best treatment for your condition you do not have to worry about it again. They will even explain to you what is happening with you.

Help with Emergency Situations

Most of the dental health care centres do not focus on providing immediate help when there are emergencies. However, the best dental health care centre is going to have someone available at all times to help with any kind of an immediate dental health care need one has even after hours. Knowing such a dental health care centre is important because some of these sudden and unexpected dental problems you have can be too painful to bear for a long time without any care.

All Kinds of Dental Treatments

If you are choosing the best dental health care centre you are allowing yourself to have access to a place which offers all kinds dental treatments from a normal filling to dentures. It is not easy to provide such a variety of dental care treatments especially when you need to have a number of resources to be able to provide all of them. This makes the dental health care centre which has all of these treatments truly the best place there is for dental care.If you visit such a dental health care centre for your dental problems you will always receive the best care and get the best results you can possibly get for your condition.


Protocol To Follow When Bringing Infants For Teeth Clinics

Though the world has seen many infants and have operated them with numerous surgeries and everything, at the end of the day when it comes to treating infants, doctors will still be extra alert and stay focused. Because unlike adults and other teenagers who can communicate and tell their exact problems and where they feel the pain, the infants will not be able to tell. Their only way of even showing that something is hurting or bothering them is by way of crying. But sometimes they cry when they want food as well. So it is very hard to predict what exactly they want. In such situations there are several protocols that should strictly considered when bringing those infants to those teeth clinics for any kind of treatment. On the other hand, from their tissues to their entire body, everything is very fragile because it is still in growing process. So extreme care should be taken when touching them and you should make sure you don’t end up pressing them hard or anything. Which might later turn into some serious problem. Go here http://drdianetay.com.au/  for more information abou good dentists. 

To undertake risk assessment

Through this method, for example if the infant or toddler has a disease the paediatric dentist Erskineville can suggest the preventive protocols as to how to stop these diseases from affecting the toddlers overall oral health. This method is more like a scan to find out the diseases that might give trouble in future.in order to get better result in these assessments, this should be done way earlier in the initial stages. So that before it develops into something which is stronger and harmful, it can be prevented or stopped from further growth and affecting the infant. Also, through this way the doctor can examine the biological risk factors involved in it as well and find the new preventive factors in advance. When considering all these benefits of following the protocols, any parent would want their infant to live a long and healthy life. But in order to make it happen, it is important to mind your responsibility even after giving birth to a baby. Because the responsibilities of the parents to take care of their infant has no end.

Counselling

Moreover the parents in order to provide proper care for the oral health of the infant. their knowledge base should be increased. Self-management strategies and goals should be implemented. Also awareness about the areas about clinical examinations regarding the oral cavities of the toddler and treatments that can done should be well taught to mothers especially. All these knowledge and advised can only be gained by making an appointment with a good paediatric dentist who has several years of experience in treating infants.Therefore, keep these simple protocols in mind and improve the oral health of your infant!


How Do You Treat An Infected Tooth?

The importance of oral health cannot be stressed enough, people are always quick to overlook this and then are later subjected to pain that It brings and most of the time they are not easy irreversible. Most of these problems occur due to our unhealthy lifestyle habits which needs proper guidance and reverting. Everybody likes to own a white smile but seldom do they work for it.

A person who has gone through a dental surgery procedure would know how painful it is, therefore they know better to avoid having to go through the process for a second time, and there are times where people loose teeth simply because the ignore the process of going and meeting a proper dentist who is able to give you a good solution. These minor neglections lead to bigger and worse problems and once you have hit the bottom of a problem it could be quite difficult to get recovery from it. Therefore, keep in mind that treatment is always better than cure when it comes to health-related matters.

Because if you are suffering from a problem and you don’t find a way to detach yourself from it you will only continue to suffer even more.If the root of your canal is damaged then you will have to seek help with root canal treatment you should never leave it unattended as it leads to much bigger and worse problems. The usual treatment procedure includes the filling up of the infected area with a medical pulp which fills the gap that is created. This main reason why this is performed is to save the tooth from otherwise having to remove it. This procedure has to be performed properly and carefully because they consist of blood vessels and nerves. And they provide nourishment to teeth by giving it the needed nutrients and oxygen. As you can see it is one of the most important aspects of our dental systems and should therefore be attended to carefully.

If you visit a doctor who also works as a children’s dentist you will come to realize that they are much likely to be more careful when conducting a procedure from their experience of having dealt with many children before. And they will surely have cleaner tools which is also important because the mouth is a very sensitive area and needs to be dealt with a lot of care and attention.What could be considered the most important procedure of them all would be the amount of effort that goes in by yourself from after the surgery is done. Because in order for speedy recovery you have to make sure that you are working towards maintaining the health guidelines that have been set out by your dentist.


What You Must Seek From A Dental Specialist

You must think about finding a person who is genuinely interested in your teeth. There are many factors that you must bear in mind. Some physicians might recommend several procedures that will keep your grills up to a level. Do look for a dentist who is in your vicinity. Here is what you must look into when dealing with a specialist:

THE SMILE MUST BE LOOKED INTO

You must think about focus on fixing your teeth that could be misshapen as well as crooked. You must floss and brush your teeth twice to thrice a day. Do think about focusing on flossing as well brushing as much as you can. This will prevent any cavities from forming. You might have to notice the minor cavities that might be forming on your teeth. Do make sure that you do fix your teeth. Do find a dentist that can help you.

PERFORMS THE BEST TREATMENTS POSSIBLE

You must seek the best treatments on the best way by flossing and brushing. Do try your best to visit an expert who can help the clean the teeth out well. You must try your best to figure out the appropriate surgery. Do look ask a doctor about the various whitening style treatments that will help you to keep your teeth in the best condition.

THE MOST SUITABLE ORTHDONTIC TREATMENT

You must seek orthodontic treatment whenever possible. You must make sure that you do visit a dentist who can help you with the task. This way you can fix your teeth well. Do make sure that you do avoid chewing as it can be bad for your teeth. It can give you serious headaches and pains in your jaw. Sometimes your teeth might end up shifting from one place to another. Sometimes periodontal illness can be related to heart problems. You can seek a veneer that is of good quality too.

THE MANY GAPS ARE FIXED WELL

Do make sure that all your gaps are fixed well. This will prevent your teeth from breaking and tearing apart. You must make sure that they are well aligned and not misshapen. Do try to alleviate the appearance of your teeth. Do keep in mind that dental plans and treatments are not a joke. The expert will consider various tools that will have to be prodded deep into your mouth in order to align them. You might at one point notice a lot of bleeding and difficulty in chewy. Do speak to your family members to figure out what must be done. You can even ask any relatives whether they know of a great doctor who can fix the pain in your jaw.


Why You Should See An Orthodontist To Get Your Teeth Fixed

Although you might be inclined to consult with a general dental practitioner because it’s convenient and inexpensive, it is actually in your best interests to consult a specialized orthodontist instead. This is especially true when it comes to fixing teeth. This article will elaborate on the main reasons as to why it’s better and safer to consult with an orthodontist, as opposed to a general dentist.

Orthodontists are dentists who have a higher degree of experience and learning. They are more trained to address specific dental issues, such as fixing crooked teeth. Dentists on the other hand, have a more general training. Dentists are the perfect option for when you want to get a simple clean up, check up, or get some cavities filled. If you find yourself needing dental treatment beyond that, you should seriously consider seeing an orthodontist.

When it comes to more complex issues, such as getting braces or performing dental surgery, orthodontists have a better training background. They are trained specifically to address issues such as crooked teeth. As a result, they will have more in depth and technical knowledge regarding the practice of fixing teeth. Therefore, an orthodontist will be much better at diagnosing exactly what your dental issues are. As a result, he or she can determine the correct treatment for your dental issue. Because they are better trained in dealing with fixing teeth, there is minimal risk of an orthodontist offering an alternate solution that poses a risk to you.

In most countries, orthodontists have to study in a specialized dental field at a reputed university and get the necessary training experience to become a registered orthodontist. The regulations are strict and the training is more rigorous than what it takes to become a dentist. This in itself ensures that the orthodontist you consult will be better equipped to handle your issues.

Dental issues should not be taken lightly. They can have a lasting impact in your life, both physically and psychologically. Therefore, it is absolutely critical that you fix your teeth in the best way possible, with minimal risk. This will ensure that you end up with a final result that you like, and that there won’t be any short-term or long-term harm to your jaw or teeth.

Although it might initially be more expensive to consult with an orthodontist, in the long-term it is fully worth it. This is because you will end up with good treatment, your teeth will be healthy, and you won’t experience more complications later, which might cost your more. Therefore, if you need to get your teeth fixed, it is in your best interests to consult an orthodontist, as opposed to a dentist.


One Stop Solution For All Your Oral Problems

You will be glad to know that you can get treated for all your oral health care problems at one clinic. These clinics specialize in treating such problems and you need not have to go anywhere else to get effective treatment. They will have the best diagnostic equipment to carefully analyze all your problems with regards to the teeth and you can get the best services from experienced doctors. They will take into consideration your overall health condition and your existing problem before suggesting you with the best treatment plan. You will also be surprised to know that they even have special treatment available for kids and this is a good option for parents as they can choose the clinics for their complete family dental healthcare. In this way, there is no need to go anywhere else and everything you want is available in one clinic. The doctors will take special care about your kids and you can rest assured that they will offer the best services. You can also accompany your kids and this will put them at ease when they are getting treatment for teeth problems.

Choose the best family oral care clinic

  • You need to consult your dentist every now and then to maintain your oral health.
  • This is especially required if you have kids as they need more attention in this regard.
  • Some people face problems with the alignment of the teeth and this can hamper their self confidence as it will affect their looks.
  • In this regard, you can choose various braces that are available in the market and correct the alignment without any issues.
  • The doctors will take a careful look into the overall growth of the kids and then suggest the best option for the procedure.
  • In some cases, they would suggest you to wait till the kids attain a certain age to correct the alignment.
  • Apart from that, these clinics also specialize in various diagnostic services and you can get examined for various oral health problems.
  • It is also possible to get tooth whitening services at these clinics from trained professionals.

 Many people prefer the orthodontics treatment for correcting the alignment of the teeth. In this regard, the invisible braces have become very popular in recent times as most adults prefer to use such braces. Even though it is expensive than other options, it offers many comforts and you can easily remove them whenever you want and this will give lots of relief for many people. These clinics offer the best services for oral health care and you can get treatment for your entire family.


The Five Indicators Of Oriental Beauty

The West and East have long had different indicators of beauty; the West has had a particular model or ideal throughout the ages (which evolved) but the East tends to have criteria that look at the body as a whole. In South Asia in particular, the ideals of beauty have long been linked with Ayurveda, the local medical discipline that is a thousand and more years old. Here are the 5 different categories any person must tick in order to be considered the epitome of ‘beauty’:

A 1000 Megawatt Smile

Interestingly the East seems to have valued good oral hygiene right from the start and it is still so today; children still visit the dental clinic regularly when they are young. In countries like Sri Lanka, it is even regulated by the school.

This means that your teeth can bright as possible, clean and healthy, with none to a minimum number of cavities possible. This can be achieved through regular brushing at least twice a day from the time we are little. Eating less sweets and more wholesome fruits can also help by not causing any diseases that ravage our beautiful smile.

A Rippling Cascade of Hair

Although most beauty standards call for long hair, the standards here speak more about healthy hair and make no bones about length. More important was the fact that the hair was glossy, bouncy, and strong with minimal breakage. South Asian regularly used herbal oils to enervate their roots and scalp and came up with medicines to combat lice and other pests that thrived in the tropical climate. A steady diet of mostly vegetables, fruits, legumes and grains ensured that the hair received all the vitamins it required. Today, not unlike a dentist, hair technicians prescribe pills so that modern Man can receive all that nutrition too.

Smooth and Silky Skin

This did not mean that a person had to have tanned, bronzed skin or lily white, pale skin. It simply meant that skin had to be firm, elastic, glowing and healthy with few blemishes. Remember that there was no cure back then for diseases like chicken pox, so scars were common. Anyone who didn’t have them stood out. Drinking plenty of water, getting regular exercise, avoiding oily and fatty foods would immediately show up in your skin becoming clearer, reducing pimples and blemishes and your skin feeling smoother overall.

Curvilicious and Young At Heart

The last two categories kind of go hand in hand. Interestingly, the standards call for a person to have firm muscles and curves, which is antithetic to most beauty standards that used to be peddled in the last few decades. Curves were valued, especially in women, because it was taken as a sign of health – unless that person was naturally slim. The final category called for young looks, where a person would look younger than they actually were.


How To Afford Dental Implants?

The price of dental implants can be low or high.  You can do dental implants if you don’t wish to go for dental checkups regularly. Though all cannot afford to do dental implants, but there are some ways by which you can afford to do dental implants.

Know about insurance – Just determine that how much cost of the dental implants can be covered by your insurance. It is a fact that your dental insurance will not cover a big portion of the cost of numerous dental implants procedures. Only a small portion of your dental implant procedures can be covered by your insurance. However, your insurance can save some money. You can call your insurance company just for discussing that how much they will pay for your every dental implant or implant dentures.
 
Talk with your dentist – You can discuss about the cost of your dental implants with your dentist. Similarly, you can visit your nearby denture clinic to know about denture cost. Before doing the dental implants, you should know the cost of the numerous dental implants, so that you don’t have to face problems later. You can go to the payment office of your dentist to get the payment plans. But, all the payment offices will not let the patients to know about the price of distinct dental implants before the dental checkup. If you get many dental implants at once, then you don’t have to waste your money many times. Moreover, you can tell your dentist to give you a temporary solution unless you can afford to do the dental implants.

Ask for discounts from your dentist – You can ask your dentist that whether she or he will give some discount on multiple dental implants or not. A few of the dental offices have some packages for the patients, so that numerous people can afford to do the dental implants.
 
Search for the right dentist – Sometimes, a surgeon and a dentist are needed to do distinct kinds of dental implants. But, if you want to save more money, then you should go to a dentist, who can do numerous dental implants perfectly.
 
Compare online – Compare the prices of distinct doctors online if possible. Some dental problems are very severe and a dentist cannot solve all the severe dental issues in a proper manner. You can pay a visit to a periodontist, orthodontist and oral surgeons if your dental problem is very serious. An oral surgeon or a periodontist will charge more money than a dentist. Keep in mind that dentists in a big city will charge more money from the patients.


Food That Keep Us Fit And Healthy

 Food is available in abundance and in many variety, therefore people can choose to eat whatever they want, this is unless they want to remain fit and healthy, people whose main aim is to keep fit and healthy will want to consume food that helps them to remain strong teeth or body, as such they watch what they eat, the food they eat are carefully selected, those food are usually good for the body and brain, the first food to look at is whole wheat flour whole wheat flour, is a brown flour derived from the completed wheat kernel. It contains vitamins, minerals and protein, which is very nutritious this makes it very convenient for people who want to stay fit and healthy because it has no extra calories for people to gain weight and it is more beneficial to  an individual’s body that it’s substitute goods. Whole wheat cereal is another food that keep us healthy, whole wheat cereal contains fibers and protein with small amount of sugar, this means the cereal is packed with vitamin b and vitamin d as well as folic acid that the body need to stay in shape.  pomegranate juice is good for everyone’s health as it doesn’t only helps the body, but it also helps the skin and hair, this is because pomegranate juice is a great source of acid and antioxidant and punicic acid an omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid which is highly beneficial for cell regeneration and proliferation, it is a good source of vitamin A vitamin C and vitamin E minerals. The pomegranate juice is used for medical purpose as it is used as a tonic to treat diarrhea, it benefits the heart as well, it lowers blood sugar levels for those people with hypertension. 

The next healthy food to look at is oatmeal, oatmeal is made from rolled oats. It is an excellent source of calcium which is used to strengthen the bone, teeth you can also go to dental veneers Townsville and hair of people who eats it. it also contains fibre which the body needs, it is a low fat food that people can consume in large proportions without having to worry about putting on weight, oatmeal contains large amount of protein and also consists of nutrients that can reduce cancer it also lowers cholesterol as in it rich in a heart protecting plant chemical. In addition to oatmeal there is broccoli, this is a cabbage of a variety of plants it similar to the cauliflower bearing heads of green or purple flower buds, it is often used as a vegetable. The broccoli is viewed by many, as the world healthiest food it is good for cancer as it kills those cancer cells, it boost cell enzymes that protect against molecular damage from cancer causing chemicals. Broccoli has heart benefits and also helps to protect people that have diabetes, broccoli is good for the eyes as well. leafy green vegetables are known to be healthy for people, this is because it is great for building the immune system, as it is rich in iron and in calcium, it has vitamin c as well as super rich antioxdonants. Eating healthy food helps people to live a long and productive life.


How To Get Used To Braces?

Dealing with braces can be tough because they come accompanied with a thousand other things that you have to consider. Braces can also make you feel self-conscious, and even force you to adjust your daily activities. Frankly, braces can be fairly annoying, which means that you need a proper strategy to deal with your new circumstances. With these considerations in mind, here are some tips that might help you get used to your new braces sooner than you might have thought possible.

Make sure they are comfortable

Orthodontics in Merrylands can be a long drawn out as well as a challenging thing to get into, but you have the assistance of your orthodontist when getting used to your braces. During each visit to the doctor’s office, you have the option of ensuring that the braces are as comfortable as they can be, and that the wires are not poking out from anywhere. If your check happens to be tearing due to a stray and unsecured wire, you should inform your dentist of this as soon as you can. In case anything happens to be wrong, your doctor will trip the wires and adjust your braces in order to ensure that you are not in any pain. Make sure that you tell your orthodontist of any unusual sources of pain that you might be experiencing, since there is a good chance that you can alleviate most of these.

Keep your teeth clean

When wearing braces, it can be challenging to keep your teeth clean. However, you can deploy several strategies to make your teeth cleaning regiment easier and to ensure that there isn’t any food debris left in your mouth after meals. Keeping your mouth clean is as essential aspect of ensuring that you get used to your braces faster, since this will make the entire experience smoother and more convenient. It will also prevent any worse damage from happening to your teeth, so make sure that you follow all the rules outlined by your orthodontist when dealing with your braces. Additionally, if the discoloration of your teeth keeps worrying you, just remember that you can use the services of a cosmetic dentist to ensure that your teeth are whitened after your braces are removed.

Have fun with your braces

Self-consciousness due to your braces can be a considerably glaring issue for many, but the way to overcome this is to own your braces. You can do this by accessorizing your braces so that the bands are of various colours, which can give it a fun and funky look. You can even try to ensure that your make up focuses more on the eyes, so that the attention is taken away from your mouth.


Build Up Your Confidence

 

The importance of being confident

Confidence is an important aspect of our lives. It is of paramount importance that we take on the challenges and the various new experiences we come across in life with confidence. Confidence should not be confused with arrogance. Arrogance includes being full of oneself and thinking that one can achieve anything and everything while being condescending to others. However, confidence would entail facing various challenges with a positive attitude, ready to give the best and hope for good results. Low self-esteem and lack of confidence would make one give up without a fight. Thus, there would be no motivation to reach higher levels or to get out of one’s comfort zone. This can result in the individual not reaching one’s full potential and thus not having satisfaction in life.

Enhance your natural beauty

There are many factors which can rob us off importance to remember that each person is born with a unique beauty and thus each of us has beauty within ourselves. Therefore, there is no need to feel that we do not look good and thus suffer from low self-esteem. Secondly, you can try various means of enhancing the natural beauty you have. For example, if you feel that you would be more confident and able to flash a confident smile only if you go for a teeth whitening, then you should fix an appointment with a cosmetic dentist as soon as possible.

The cosmetic dentist in Burwood will be able to restore your teeth to their natural white beauty and you can step out with confidence. Or, you can make sure that you dress in a manner that flatters you more. Instead of wearing the first thing that you get your hands on when you step into the closet, you can spend more time looking for clothes and styles that flatters your unique beauty.

Be prepared to face anything

Further, you would also be more confident if you prepare yourself well for the situation that you are going to face. For example, you might have to go for a job interview. You would not know what they would ask you for you to prepare specifically. However, you can prepare for the interview, by reading more on the particular job that you are applying for and also by reading up on the organization to which you applied. This will help you go for the interview with confidence as you will have a general idea of matters pertaining to your job and you will be able to use that knowledge to face the interview successfully.


Some Of The Useful Tips On Wearing Invisalign And Some Precautions

What is Invisalign?

Invisalign is basically a virtually invisible method of straightening your teeth. They are transparent, removable aligners and custom fitted for individuals. Invisaligns are made from computer assisted manufacturing technology. The key for getting proper aligned teeth is the commitment of the patient towards the treatment.

In this article we will help you with some tips on wearing Invisalign. By following these tips, you can get the desired results in specified time. Some of them are mentioned below for your benefit:-

• Wear your aligners all the time –

It takes time to get used to any habit. Invisalign can be uncomfortable in the first few days, but with time you will get used to it. For the aligners to work properly, it is very important that the patient wears them at least 22 hours in a day.

The patients should remove the aligner for two hours in a day to brush your teeth, eat and drink. You can trace the developments in your teeth alignment each time you get custom fitted aligners for your teeth.

• Use chewies –

An Invisalign alignment treatment is only successful when the aligners fit properly to your teeth. If they are not fitting well i.e. gaps between your aligner and the teeth, then these will not give out good results or may not work at all.

If you find any gaps between your teeth and your aligners, it is recommended to use chewies. Chewies are cylindrical cushions made from Styrene Copolymer. Once the patient starts using chewies, it helps to set the aligner in the correct position. You can also use chewies on a regular basis.

• Embrace your attachments –

Invisaligns are removable because of which it shifts from the original place while making certain movements. As a solution for this, attachments are placed in certain places to get a better grip on your teeth. These are usually made to match your teeth colour, so that you do not get conscious while smiling in the crowd.

• Wearing your retainer –

It takes time and patience to get patient’s teeth aligned. It is a long time commitment. The work is not finished just after getting the teeth aligned. A retainer helps the newly aligned teeth to stay in the same place. Patients, who take wearing retainers lightly, often experience orthodontic relapse.

Invisalign treatment help you get a beautiful smile and properly aligned teeth. It is best to follow the post treatment instructions to get long term results. Any dentist would give you the list of things to do and don’t.